Title

Recycled high-density polyethylene plastics added with lead oxide nanoparticles as sustainable radiation shielding materials

Document Type

Article

Abstract

This work investigates the γ-ray shielding characteristics of composite materials based on recycled high-density polyethylene (r-HDPE). The designed shielding materials are low-cost and sustainable plastic wastes with different fractions of lead oxide nanoparticles (PbO NPs) and bulk powder. The composite samples were prepared via compression molding technique and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FT-IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscope (SEM), field emission-transmission electron microscope (FE-TEM), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area (BET), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The γ-rays attenuation-coefficients were measured as a function of the percentage of lead oxides for several γ-ray energies using point sources [241Am, 133Ba, 137Cs, and 60Co]. The experimental results show that r-HDPE with both bulk PbO and PbO NPs composites are better shielding for γ-ray than r-HDPE itself. The composites-loaded-PbO NPs were the best shielding materials for γ-ray compared to that filled with bulk PbO. The theoretical values of the linear-attenuation (μ) were extracted from the mass-attenuation coefficient (μ/ρ) and calculated using the XCOM program. The proposed composites when compared to conventional shielding materials implement as strong rivals to barite, steel and concrete particularly at higher filler wt% and for low energy γ-ray.

Publication Date

3-1-2018

Faculty

Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Technology

Subject Area

Social Sciences, Business and International Management, Accounting, Physical Sciences, General Energy, General Environmental Science

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Indexed in Web Of Science

yes

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.12.100

Volume

176

Keywords

Attenuation coefficients, Characterization, Gamma rays shielding, Lead oxide nanopowder, Recycled high-density polyethylene

ISSN

09596526

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