Title

Calibration of 4 pi NaI(Tl) detectors with coincidence summing correction using new numerical procedure and ANGLE4 software

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The 4 pi NaI(Tl) gamma-ray detectors are consisted of the well cavity with cylindrical cross section, and the enclosing geometry of measurements with large detection angle. This leads to exceptionally high efficiency level and a significant coincidence summing effect, much more than a single cylindrical or coaxial detector especially in very low activity measurements. In the present work, the detection effective solid angle in addition to both full-energy peak and total efficiencies of well-type detectors, were mainly calculated by the new numerical simulation method (NSM) and ANGLE4 software. To obtain the coincidence summing correction factors through the previously men-tioned methods, the simulation of the coincident emission of photons was modeled mathematically, based on the analytical equations and complex integrations over the radioactive volumetric sources including the self-attenuation factor. The measured full-energy peak efficiencies and correction factors were done by using Eu-152, where an exact adjustment is required for the detector efficiency curve, because neglecting the coincidence summing effect can make the results inconsistent with the whole. These phenomena, in general due to the efficiency calibration process and the coincidence summing corrections, appear jointly. The full-energy peak and the total efficiencies from the two methods typically agree with discrepancy 10%. The discrepancy between the simulation, ANGLE4 and measured full-energy peak after corrections for the coincidence summing effect was on the average, while not exceeding 14%. There-fore, this technique can be easily applied in establishing the efficiency calibration curves of well-type detectors. (C) 2017 Author(s).

Publication Date

12-1-2017

Faculty

Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Technology

Subject Area

Physical Sciences

Indexed in Web Of Science

yes

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4978214

Volume

7

Keywords

GAMMA-RAY DETECTORS; SCINTILLATION DETECTORS; EFFICIENCY CALIBRATION; POINT; SPECTROMETRY; GEOMETRIES; NAI; GE

ISSN

2158-3226

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