Title

A study on positive school children as indicators of schistosomiasis status in their families

Document Type

Article

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate schistosomiasis positive school children as indicators of infection in their families. Four hundred and sixteen stool samples of children from two primary schools were examined microscopically for Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) after Kato–Katz. Equal numbers from families of schistosomiasis positive and negative school children were examined by Kato–Katz. Circulating cathodic antigen (CCA) cassette test was performed on 100 Kato–Katz negative children to detect missed S. mansoni cases if any. S. mansoni infection rates among the primary school children were 15.3% and 1.6% in high and low prevalence schools respectively. Sixty five percent of school children had light intensity infection. Family members were either negative or exhibited a prevalence rate as low as 5–6% whether related to positive or negative children. A higher infection rate of S. mansoni was detected by the CCA test compared to the Kato–Katz. Conclusively, children can be good indicators of their particular families in areas of limited resources and low endemicity. Efforts are required to permit large scale use of CCA cassette test.

Publication Date

6-1-2021

Faculty

Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Technology

Subject Area

Life Sciences, General Immunology and Microbiology

Indexed in Scopus

yes

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-020-01317-2

Volume

45

Keywords

CCA cassette test, Kato–Katz, Schistosomiasis

ISSN

09717196

eISSN

09750703

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