Study on the effect of the self-attenuation coefficient on γ-ray detector efficiency calculated at low and high energy regions
The present work used the efficiency transfer method used to calculate the full energy peak efficiency (FEPE) curves of the (2"*2" & 3"*3") NaI (Tl) detectors based on the effective solid angle subtended between the source and the detector. The study covered the effect of the self attenuation coefficient of the source matrix (with a radius greater than the detector's radius) on the detector efficiency. 152 An Eu aqueous radioactive source covering the energy range from 121.78 keV up to 1408.01 keV was used. In this study an empirical formula was deduced to calculate the difference between the measured and the calculated efficiencies [without self attenuation] at low and high energy regions. A proper balance between the measured and calculated efficiencies [with self attenuation] was achieved with discrepancies less than 3%, while reaching 39% for calculating values [without self attenuation] due to working with large sources, or for low photon energies.
Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Technology
Physical Sciences, General Energy
Indexed in Scopus
Full Energy Peak Efficiency (FEPE), NaI (Tl) Detectors, New Empirical Formula and Efficiency Transfer Method, Self Attenuation Coefficient
El-Khatib, Ahmed M.; Thabet, Abouzeid A.; Elzaher, Mohamed A.; Badawi, Mohamed S.; and Salem, Bohaysa A., "Study on the effect of the self-attenuation coefficient on γ-ray detector efficiency calculated at low and high energy regions" (2014). Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Technology. 54.