Effect of induced periimplantitis on dental implants with and without ultrathin hydroxyapatite coating
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of ligature-induced periimplantitis on dental implants with and without hydroxyapatite (HA) coat. Methods: Thirty-two dental implants (3.3 mm wide, 13 mm long) with 4 surface treatments (8 implant/group) (M: machined, SA: sandblasted acid etched, S: sputter HA coat and P: plasma-sprayed HA coat) were inserted into canine mandibles. After 12 weeks, oral hygiene procedures were stopped and silk ligatures were placed around the implant abutments to allow plaque accumulation for the following 16 weeks. Implants with the surrounding tissues were retrieved and prepared for histological examination. Bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and implant surfaces were examined using scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Results: Histological observation revealed marginal bone loss and large inflammatory cell infiltrates in the periimplant soft tissue. Sputter HA implants showed the largest BIC (98.1%) and machined implant showed the smallest values (70.4%). After 28 weeks, thin sputter HA coat was almost completely dissolved, whereas plasma-sprayed HA coat showed complete thickness preservation. Conclusion: Thin sputter HA-coated implants showed more bone implant contact and less marginal bone loss than thick HA-coated implants under periimplantitis condition.
Faculty of Dentistry
Health Sciences, General Dentistry
Indexed in Scopus
Indexed in Web Of Science
bone, dental implants, hydroxyapatite, periimplantitis
Madi, Marwa; Zakaria, Osama; Ichinose, Shizuko; and Kasugai, Shohei, "Effect of induced periimplantitis on dental implants with and without ultrathin hydroxyapatite coating" (2016). Faculty of Dentistry. 26.