Promoted adsorptive removal of chromium(vi) ions from water by a green-synthesized hybrid magnetic nanocomposite (NFe3O4Starch-Glu-NFe3O4ED)

Document Type



A novel magnetic starch-crosslinked-magnetic ethylenediamine nanocomposite, NFe3O4Starch-Glu-NFe3O4ED, was synthesized via microwave irradiation. The characteristics of the assembled NFe3O4Starch-Glu-NFe3O4ED nanocomposite were evaluated via XRD, FT-IR, TGA, BET, SEM and HR-TEM analyses. Its particle size was confirmed to be in the range 11.25-17.16 nm. The effectiveness of the designed nanocomposite for the removal of Cr(vi) ions was explored using the batch adsorption technique. Equilibrium results proved that the adsorptive removal of the target metal ions from aqueous solution was highly dependent on the optimized experimental parameters. The maximum adsorptive removal percentage values (%R) of Cr(vi) ions on NFe3O4Starch-Glu-NFe3O4ED obtained at pH 2.0 were 85.27%, 91.90%, and 96.47% using 10.0, 25.0, and 50.0 mg L-1 Cr(vi), respectively, for an equilibrium time of 30 min. The adsorption process was found to be strongly influenced by the presence of interfering salts including NaCl, CaCl2, KCl, MgCl2, and NH4Cl. Kinetic studies were performed and it was found that the pseudo-second and Elovich models well fitted the experimental data with the possible suggested ion-pair interaction mechanism. Different isotherm models were employed to assess the adsorption equilibrium, which was revealed by fitting Langmuir, Temkin and Freundlich models. The maximum uptake capacity based on the Langmuir model was 210.741 mg g-1. The effect of temperature and thermodynamics confirmed that adsorption was spontaneous, feasible, and endothermic in nature. Finally, the validity and applicability of using the NFe3O4Starch-Glu-NFe3O4ED nanocomposite to remove Cr(vi) ions from real water matrices were confirmed in the range of 91.2-94.7 ± 2.2-3.7%. This journal is

Publication Date



Faculty of Dentistry

Subject Area

Physical Sciences, General Chemical Engineering, General Chemistry

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